SparkNotes’ Summary Video

Hello guys! Today I give you the best summary video on Mary Shelley’s novel that I have been able to find on the Internet.

The SparkNotes team has done an impressing work producing this summary video. The video covers the important parts of the novel while offering a quick synopsis, analysis, and discussions about the major themes and characters of the novel.

I hope you guys enjoy the video and may it help you understand the novel even more!

Credit: SparkNotes, channel: VideoSparkNotes

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Frankenstein in Real Life

In 1940, Russians scientifics made an experiment where they kept a dog`s head alive for few minutes. The head of the dog reacted to sound, touch, taste and light.

Even if it is disgusting for the average citizen, it is quite incredible from a scientific point of view.

For a long time, we thought of bringing the dead back to life as imaginary, fantasy and science-fiction, such as Frankenstein’s monster.

Even if it lasted only for a few minutes, it is incredible results, considering that it has been performed in 1940.

Science never stops evolving, as the first human head transplantation is scheduled for December 2017.

It is interesting to consider how Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is seen has one of the greatest horror stories of all time, and how its main plot might become reality in years to come.

Credit to jonesdavy72 for the Youtube video

Victor Frankenstein as a Prometheus Figure

In the Note section in the beginning of Mary Shelly’s book, it mentions that the novel has the subtitle: ‘The Modern Prometheus’. After reading the book, I can definitely agree with the relevance of this subtitle.

Just like Prometheus in Greek mythology, Victor Frankenstein does something no one else dared to do. For Prometheus it was giving the human race the secrets of fire. For Frankenstein it was creating life out of death. They both thought to achieve their purposes for the sake of the development and betterment of humanity and both their creations brought them suffering. This suffering comes from Zeus for Prometheus in the form of being chained to a rock and having his liver eaten by an eagle every day. For Frankenstein, it could be said to be worse as it is his whole project, his own creation, that makes him suffer. His creature destroys him by ruining his family and murdering his friends and family members but the creature also ends up being the death of him.

Frankenstein’s Survival

Frankenstein’s monster has never been able to place himself in the world. When he was created, he was severely rejected by his own creator and was forced out into the world which he did not ask to be brought to. Lost and alone, he fled where he knew no one would come looking for him, into the forest. Since he was not born a human from the beginning, the monster was lost and did not know what life was or how to prepare for it. He never had a family and never had someone to guide him.

The monster had one thing in mind since the beginning, survival. He wanted to learn how to think like a human and be like a human so that he could survive in this world which he did not belong. He had taught himself to read by listening to the family at the cottage. This helped his survival a lot and this is where he began to reconsider what he wanted his life to be. An event that proved that he wanted to survive was when he asked Victor to make him a female lover. He wanted to continue living in the forest all alone only with this female monster which Frankenstein would create. The monster was looking to be able to survive in a world that would not accept him but Victor would not let him.

Frankenstein’s Video Games?

As we all passionately know, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is an important novel in American literature. It has influenced many authors, singers, and artists and it is still an influence on our popular culture today. Many movies have been made from it with a count of approximately 50 films.

Not only movies have been made from the novel, but there are video games too. Yes, you read it right, there is some video games based on Frankenstein.

Here is a list of five of those video games:

Dr. Franken: The Adventures of Dr. Franken

Dr. Franken is a single-player video game originally launched on the Game Boy in 1992. It was also released in 1993 on the Super NES. It was developed by Elite Systems and published by Kemco and DTMC.

The game is about Franky, a Frankenstein’s monster that is on a quest to collect the sprinkled body parts of her girlfriend. The game also consists of seven floors where Franky could find various items and parts of her lovely girlfriend. To resurrect his girlfriend Bitsy, keys and special items are necessary to access new areas and to find all the missing parts of Bitsy.

A sequel to the original game was released on the Game Boy in 1997 and was called Dr. Franken II. In this game, Franky must escape the castle in which he finds himself trapped to search for pieces and gold tablet.

Frankenstein by CRL

Frankenstein by CRL is an interactive fiction game released in 1987 by CRL for the Commodore 64, the Amstrad CPC, and the ZX Spectrum computers.

In this game, the player incarnates Dr. Frankenstein who must find and destroy his unleashed monster. On the other hand, the monster must remain free and learn and understand the reason of its creation.

This game was declared an intelligent, gigantic text adventure with a few magnificent illustrations by Sinclair User.

Frankenstein: The Monster Returns

Frankenstein: The Monster Returns is a single-player Nintendo video game published in 1990 by Bandai. The game was released exclusively in North America.

The game takes place after the Frankenstein story. The creature returns from the dead and lead, by the way of magic, a supernatural army. With its magic, the monster has been able to control mythical entities such as Death and Medusa. In this game, the player incarnates a swordsman that is determined to stop the unleashed monster and its army to rescue Emily, a beautiful maiden that was kidnaped by the monster, a slay the unstoppable thing for good.

Frankenstein: Through the Eyes of the Monster

Frankenstein: Through the Eyes of the Monster is an adventure game that stars Tim Curry as Dr. Frankenstein. The game was developed my Amazing Media and Tachyon Studios and was published by Interplay on PC, Mac, and Sega Saturn in a span of three years between 1995 and 1997.

The player is controlling a newly created monster and tries to resurrect Gabrielle, a disappeared child that was killed in an explosion caused by Dr. Frankenstein. The monster that the player incarnates is the late Philip Werren that is brought back to life by Victor Frankenstein and Gabrielle is Werren’s daughter. There are two possible endings to the game, which give different choices to the player that will branch the game into one ending or the other.

The game received an average of about two stars.

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a single-player video games that was launched in 1994 for multiple platforms such as the Super NES, the Sega CD, and the Sega Genesis. The game is based on the 1994 film of Frankenstein and was developed by Bits Studio and published by Sony Imagesoft.

In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein video game, the player controls Frankenstein’s monster as it walks through the streets of Ingolstadt, Bavaria. The game takes place in 1793. The player, controlling the creature, seeks revenge against its creator Victor for rejecting him.

The game received a 5.8 out of 10 score from Electronic Gaming Monthly. The magazine called the game a challenging game that includes awkward fighting actions.

 

Now that you know more about those Frankenstein video games, are you willing to try them out? Will you take the fight as the monster or play as the doctor to stop his own creation? Let us know in the comments!

Sources : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Video_games_based_on_Frankenstein

Frakenblog Quiz: How well do you know Frankenstein?

Quiz

  1. How do Elizabeth Lavenza and Victor Frankenstein meet in the original (1818) version of the text?

 

a) They are brother and sister.

b)They are best friends.

c)They are cousins.

d)They used to date.

 

  1. What happens when Victor takes Henry to the university?

 

a) Victor fantasies about Elizabeth.

b)Victor sees the monster he has created.

c)They fight each other

d)Talk of the sciences worsens Victor’s illness.

 

  1. What does Victor’s father hope to do by going to Belrive?

 

a) Help Victor and Elizabeth fall in love

b)Get away from religious oppression

c)Improve Victor’s moods

d) Become familiar with new culture

 

  1. What surprises Victor on the glacier?

 

a) The appearance of the monster

b)A ghost

c)His culpability about Justine’s death

d)The resurfacing of his illness

 

  1. What text does the monster find the most influential?

 

a)The Bible

b)Milton’s Paradise Lost

c)Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy

 

6.What does the monster beg Victor to do?

a) Put an end to his existence

b)Ask God for his mercy

c)Overlook all that he has revealed
d)Build him a friend

 

answers

Answers:

  1. c)
  2. d)
  3. c)
  4. a)
  5. b)
  6. d)

Inspired by http://www.sparknotes.com

Who is at fault?

Who is more at fault: Victor Frankenstein or the Monster?

This is a question that the story leaves the reader with. On one side, we can say that Victor Frankenstein is irresponsible for what he did. Also, he had no real reason to create a monster, except out of scientific curiosity. Also, Victor is careless with his family, which they basically all die throughout the story.

On the other hand, we can say that the monster clearly overreacts throughout the story. Of course, some bad happen to him, but it is certainly not a reason to kill. The monster is therefore more at fault on this point.

The Inspiration for Frankenstein

Mary Shelly had gained an interest for writing stories as a child but she had preferred writing things like others did. She writes “I was a close imitator – rather doing as others had done than putting down the suggestions of my own mind.” This started to change when she got married as her husband pushed her to become famous from the start.

The idea of Frankenstein came to her in 1816 when she and her husband visited Lord Byron in Switzerland. During one of the many rainy days of that summer, they read many ghost stories and Lord Byron proposed that they would each write a ghost story. Shelly spent many days trying to gain inspiration for her horrific ghost story and it was after listening to a conversation between Lord Byron and her husband on the nature of the principle of life and the experiments of Dr. Darwin that she finally found the inspiration she needed. Shelly didn’t sleep that night but instead spent it imagining the story to the extent that she scared herself, she thought “What terrified me will terrify others”, and in the morning she started writing it down.

How Norse Mythology Influenced the Frankenstein Novel

While writing Frankenstein, Shelley drew inspiration (intentionally or not) from the vast repertoire of Norse Mythology. There are many parallels between the characters found within the novel, notably Frankenstein and his Monster. It could be argued that Frankenstein’s Monster is an adaptation of Loki, the Norse Jötunn god of Mischief, and Frankenstein is an adaptation of Thor, the Norse god of Thunder. Through extensive analysis, it is apparent that the climax of the story is very similar to the events leading to the Ragnarok, the Norse Apocalypse, all the way down to symbolic representations.

Firstly, it is important to understand the general context of the Ragnarok. In this case, a specific part of it is observed: when Thor ventures into Niflheim, an icebound wasteland, home to all the evil creatures conspiring towards the end of the world. Symbolically, Frankenstein resembles Thor as he is associated with lightning, adventurousness (through scientific exploits and breaking boundaries). The Monster, represents Loki, as he is quite similar to a Jötunn (Ice Giants) in terms of physique. His actions also resemble Loki as they are meant to cause chaos and lead to the demise of the Hero (Frankenstein).

Upon reaching the arctic wasteland in pursuit of the Monster, Frankenstein’s means of transportation (Sled-Dogs) fails him. This could be interpreted as a representation of Fenrir, Loki’s wolf son, being the first obstacle in his quest. Frankenstein then finds shelter on an expedition ship, thus conquering the sea, which could be interpreted as Jörmungandr (the Sea-Serpent). Unfortunately, as Jörmungandr’s poison kills Thor after the battle, the frostbite and illness claim Frankenstein.

The Monster, now in his solitude, is punished for his crimes in a similar fashion as Loki. The Norse Trickster God was bound by chains for eternity, where poison is dripped onto his head. His wife is there to collect the poison in a bowl before it damages Loki, but when she leaves to empty said bowl, Loki is left to writhe in pain as the poison drips onto him. Similarly, the Monster is left to writhe in agony as the absence of his wife renders him unable to mitigate the emotional pain caused by eternal loneliness.
Sources:

https://ojs.unbc.ca/index.php/joe/article/download/234/307

http://norse-mythology.org/gods-and-creatures/the-aesir-gods-and-goddesses/loki/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fenrir

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B6rmungandr

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loki

Frankenstein’s Monster: An Archetypal Lover

To understand the content of this post, one must first understand the context and basic concepts of Jungian Archetypal Psychology. Carl Jung was a famous psychologist who believed that the human psyche follows archetypal patterns, and that personality could be predicted according to said archetypes. While the number of archetypes increases as we delve deeper into more specific psychological characteristics, for the sake of simplicity, this analysis will focus on the 12 major archetypes.

These 12 archetypes are divided into three sets of 4; The Ego, the Soul, and the Self. This gives a general understanding of where the interests of each archetype lie. It is important to note that one person may have an amalgam of different archetypal characteristics, however there is always one dominant one. It is also important to understand that the given archetype of a person may change after a life-changing event has occurred, as is the case for Frankenstein’s Monster.

From what is described in the beginning of the novel, where the Monster is introduced and has a chance to re-tell its experiences, readers can clearly see that, initially, it is not evil. Given the desires that drive the Monster, it is clear that he belongs to the Lover archetype. The Lover aims a sense of intimacy and belonging with others, and does so through passion, admiration, and selflessness. This is clearly visible when the Monster assists the family of peasants in their daily struggles. Completely altruistic in being, the creature merely wishes to be of assistance. However, the Monster’s personality directly clashes with his physical appearance. Though he has perfect white teeth and flowing black hair, his eyes remain pale and dead, which is a permanent barrier to his sense of inclusion.

After facing colossal rejection from the object of his admiration, the Monster’s personality consumes itself in chaos. His passion degenerates to rage, self-loathing, and vengeance. All the positive aspects of the Lover are warped into their negative counterparts. This follows the typical symbolism of the “Son eating the Father”, as is represented in Oedipus, as well as numerous myths throughout history. This leads to both the demise of the Father (Frankenstein) as well as Son (the Monster). The creature becomes essentially the antithesis of his own being.

Sources:

http://www.soulcraft.co/essays/the_12_common_archetypes.html