“Frankenstein is considered as one of the most subversive attacks on modern science.”
During the 19th century, Shelley published one of the most important works science fiction ever created. To do so, she spent a considerable amount of time on researches for her novel. She based her book on scientific theories, travels and places from several authors. Thus, she had an impressive reading list that included important works at this period as the work of extreme accounts of polar exploration in George Anson’s 1748 Voyage Round the World; the distinction between alchemy and chemistry in Davy’s 1812 Elements of Chemical Philosophy; the new concepts of brain development explored in Lawrence’s physiological lectures; and she encountered the psychology of guilt and abandonment; in John Milton’s 1667 Paradise Lost. All these works were the predecessors that help Shelley to push this genre to a new level. Moreover, she based the places of her book on several actual loci. For example, she inspired the location for the central confrontation between Victor Frankenstein and The Creature with the Mont Blanc, which is an important scene in the novel.
Another important reason Frankenstein is considered as one of the first real work of Sci-Fi is that she was one of the first to be able to create a story that was futuristic at the time compared with the scientific resources that she had. However, she was still able to include several human characteristics that everyone could relate to them. Thus, she had an incredible sense of creativity and created a story that included future issues that can happen in the future even though she did not have actual knowledge about these probable situations. It is quite impressive because Shelley started to write Frankenstein when she was only a teenager, which demonstrates that she had an outstanding mind.
Finally, Shelley’s work has influence society throughout different decades, which makes her one of the most influential Sci-Fi authors of all time. Even nowadays we can see similar patterns of Frankenstein in several novels and movies that has astonishing sales on the chart. We can say that Shelley has set the rules and standards for not only her generation but also for future generations that still nowadays view her work as a pioneer in this genre.
Science-Fiction has a lot of history. The first antecedents from this genre were found out by Historians from the 2nd century. In this era, they were using speculation and storytelling to understand the world and creating a dividing line between the mythological and historical tends. Thus, they were trying to make the difference between actual situations that happened and others that were only based on beliefs and had not enough possible facts to happen.
After a while, Science-Fiction continued to evolve after the 2nd century, but its bigger development occurred in the 19th century with the arrival of the first science fictions novels. This development occurred mostly because of the arrival of some significant technological advances such as electricity, telegraph and so on, in modern societies, which ultimately change science. An excellent example of the use of these new technologies was in Frankenstein. Moreover, the genre continued to evolve and became what we are used to seeing nowadays, which is mostly works that demonstrate potential innovation and new technologies.
Furthermore, the genre nowadays mostly consists of speculative fiction, which is a narrative based on supernatural and futuristic elements. It also deals with original concepts such as futuristic science, technology and extra-terrestrial existence that are most of them based on science and theory, instead of only creative thoughts.
Finally, the genre became so popular and so diversify that Sci-Fi needed to include sub-genre. Thus, it was divided into two significant sub-genres: Hard Science Fiction and Soft Fiction. Their primary differences are that hard science fiction usually includes attention to detail in the natural sciences like physics, astrophysics, and chemistry. On the other hand, soft science fiction is based on social sciences such as psychology and economics.
Here’s the link for PART 2:
Throughout the last few decades, horror has often been an important part of the culture of rock, metal, and punk. Thus, several songs have been written referring about Frankenstein. In this case, here are 3 popular rock artists/groups that made a great song about this well-known monster.
SOME KIND OF MONSTER BY METALLICA
TEENAGE FRANKENSTEIN BY ALICE COOPER
MUTTER BY RAMMSTEIN
Let me know what is your favorite song about Frankenstein!
Note: These videos are used for scholar purposes. I do not own any copyright of these songs.
Hello guys! Today I give you the best summary video on Mary Shelley’s novel that I have been able to find on the Internet.
The SparkNotes team has done an impressing work producing this summary video. The video covers the important parts of the novel while offering a quick synopsis, analysis, and discussions about the major themes and characters of the novel.
I hope you guys enjoy the video and may it help you understand the novel even more!
Credit: SparkNotes, channel: VideoSparkNotes
In 1940, Russians scientifics made an experiment where they kept a dog`s head alive for few minutes. The head of the dog reacted to sound, touch, taste and light.
Even if it is disgusting for the average citizen, it is quite incredible from a scientific point of view.
For a long time, we thought of bringing the dead back to life as imaginary, fantasy and science-fiction, such as Frankenstein’s monster.
Even if it lasted only for a few minutes, it is incredible results, considering that it has been performed in 1940.
Science never stops evolving, as the first human head transplantation is scheduled for December 2017.
It is interesting to consider how Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is seen has one of the greatest horror stories of all time, and how its main plot might become reality in years to come.
Credit to jonesdavy72 for the Youtube video
Dear Victor Frankenstein,
We say that with intelligence does not come maturity.
You made me,
But you also destroyed me
You are my creator,
But who is, between us two, the real monster?
You are a great scientist, no doubt,
But I had to make my own route
When you put something to life,
You don’t abandon it,
Maybe that is why you lost your wife,
As a father, you must commit
At my creation, you left me. You should have think twice,
And maybe I would have been nice
Directed by Paul McGuigan in 2015 and starring Daniel Radcliffe and James McAvoy, the film Victor Frankenstein is a movie adaptation of Mary Shelley’s classic Gothic-horror novel Frankenstein. The film acts as a type of prequel to the tale of Frankenstein depicting the origins of the Igor character.
For a spiritual prequel, however, it does not follow the source material whatsoever, with the only similarities being in the names of the characters.
To summarize the plot (Spoiler alert), Igor is rescued from being a circus slave by none other than Victor Frankenstein, a student at a medical school. Frankenstein discovers that Igor has a talent for performing surgery. Both characters team up and conduct a multitude of experiments that eventually lead to them creating the Frankenstein Monster, and ultimately destroy it.
While as an independent work, this film could be considered a decent work, it is simply the fact that it twists the classic Frankenstein in such a way that is inconsistent with the characters. The movie introduces a plethora of characters that mean absolutely nothing to the plot. This makes the whole viewing experience seem uneventful.
In short, this film is decent enough to watch, though it is best not to analyze it too deeply. Doing so will reveal continuity failures and inconsistency much to the detriment of the viewer’s experience.
In the Note section in the beginning of Mary Shelly’s book, it mentions that the novel has the subtitle: ‘The Modern Prometheus’. After reading the book, I can definitely agree with the relevance of this subtitle.
Just like Prometheus in Greek mythology, Victor Frankenstein does something no one else dared to do. For Prometheus it was giving the human race the secrets of fire. For Frankenstein it was creating life out of death. They both thought to achieve their purposes for the sake of the development and betterment of humanity and both their creations brought them suffering. This suffering comes from Zeus for Prometheus in the form of being chained to a rock and having his liver eaten by an eagle every day. For Frankenstein, it could be said to be worse as it is his whole project, his own creation, that makes him suffer. His creature destroys him by ruining his family and murdering his friends and family members but the creature also ends up being the death of him.
Frankenstein’s monster has never been able to place himself in the world. When he was created, he was severely rejected by his own creator and was forced out into the world which he did not ask to be brought to. Lost and alone, he fled where he knew no one would come looking for him, into the forest. Since he was not born a human from the beginning, the monster was lost and did not know what life was or how to prepare for it. He never had a family and never had someone to guide him.
The monster had one thing in mind since the beginning, survival. He wanted to learn how to think like a human and be like a human so that he could survive in this world which he did not belong. He had taught himself to read by listening to the family at the cottage. This helped his survival a lot and this is where he began to reconsider what he wanted his life to be. An event that proved that he wanted to survive was when he asked Victor to make him a female lover. He wanted to continue living in the forest all alone only with this female monster which Frankenstein would create. The monster was looking to be able to survive in a world that would not accept him but Victor would not let him.
Who is more at fault: Victor Frankenstein or the Monster?
This is a question that the story leaves the reader with. On one side, we can say that Victor Frankenstein is irresponsible for what he did. Also, he had no real reason to create a monster, except out of scientific curiosity. Also, Victor is careless with his family, which they basically all die throughout the story.
On the other hand, we can say that the monster clearly overreacts throughout the story. Of course, some bad happen to him, but it is certainly not a reason to kill. The monster is therefore more at fault on this point.