“Frankenstein is considered as one of the most subversive attacks on modern science.”
During the 19th century, Shelley published one of the most important works science fiction ever created. To do so, she spent a considerable amount of time on researches for her novel. She based her book on scientific theories, travels and places from several authors. Thus, she had an impressive reading list that included important works at this period as the work of extreme accounts of polar exploration in George Anson’s 1748 Voyage Round the World; the distinction between alchemy and chemistry in Davy’s 1812 Elements of Chemical Philosophy; the new concepts of brain development explored in Lawrence’s physiological lectures; and she encountered the psychology of guilt and abandonment; in John Milton’s 1667 Paradise Lost. All these works were the predecessors that help Shelley to push this genre to a new level. Moreover, she based the places of her book on several actual loci. For example, she inspired the location for the central confrontation between Victor Frankenstein and The Creature with the Mont Blanc, which is an important scene in the novel.
Another important reason Frankenstein is considered as one of the first real work of Sci-Fi is that she was one of the first to be able to create a story that was futuristic at the time compared with the scientific resources that she had. However, she was still able to include several human characteristics that everyone could relate to them. Thus, she had an incredible sense of creativity and created a story that included future issues that can happen in the future even though she did not have actual knowledge about these probable situations. It is quite impressive because Shelley started to write Frankenstein when she was only a teenager, which demonstrates that she had an outstanding mind.
Finally, Shelley’s work has influence society throughout different decades, which makes her one of the most influential Sci-Fi authors of all time. Even nowadays we can see similar patterns of Frankenstein in several novels and movies that has astonishing sales on the chart. We can say that Shelley has set the rules and standards for not only her generation but also for future generations that still nowadays view her work as a pioneer in this genre.
Science-Fiction has a lot of history. The first antecedents from this genre were found out by Historians from the 2nd century. In this era, they were using speculation and storytelling to understand the world and creating a dividing line between the mythological and historical tends. Thus, they were trying to make the difference between actual situations that happened and others that were only based on beliefs and had not enough possible facts to happen.
After a while, Science-Fiction continued to evolve after the 2nd century, but its bigger development occurred in the 19th century with the arrival of the first science fictions novels. This development occurred mostly because of the arrival of some significant technological advances such as electricity, telegraph and so on, in modern societies, which ultimately change science. An excellent example of the use of these new technologies was in Frankenstein. Moreover, the genre continued to evolve and became what we are used to seeing nowadays, which is mostly works that demonstrate potential innovation and new technologies.
Furthermore, the genre nowadays mostly consists of speculative fiction, which is a narrative based on supernatural and futuristic elements. It also deals with original concepts such as futuristic science, technology and extra-terrestrial existence that are most of them based on science and theory, instead of only creative thoughts.
Finally, the genre became so popular and so diversify that Sci-Fi needed to include sub-genre. Thus, it was divided into two significant sub-genres: Hard Science Fiction and Soft Fiction. Their primary differences are that hard science fiction usually includes attention to detail in the natural sciences like physics, astrophysics, and chemistry. On the other hand, soft science fiction is based on social sciences such as psychology and economics.
Here’s the link for PART 2:
The outstanding piece of work that Mary Shelley created with her novel Frankenstein is still a significant influence on several writings and movies that we can see in the industry. It is particularly the case in the genre of Sci-fi where we can see some great similitudes with Shelley’s work. However, even though the genre called Science-Fiction became immensely popularized throughout the last years and had become an important part of the novel and film industry, we often forget where its origin came from and who are the pioneer that influenced this genre. Thus, I would like to dedicate an article divided into two parts that will first start by explaining the characteristics and origins of Sci-Fi and in the second part talked about how Frankenstein was the first true work of this genre.
Throughout the last few decades, horror has often been an important part of the culture of rock, metal, and punk. Thus, several songs have been written referring about Frankenstein. In this case, here are 3 popular rock artists/groups that made a great song about this well-known monster.
SOME KIND OF MONSTER BY METALLICA
TEENAGE FRANKENSTEIN BY ALICE COOPER
MUTTER BY RAMMSTEIN
Let me know what is your favorite song about Frankenstein!
Note: These videos are used for scholar purposes. I do not own any copyright of these songs.
With the arrival of The Mummy with Tom Cruise on June 9, Universal Studio has the plan of releasing several remakes of famous monster movies. Thus, the well-known studio has an idea of remaking The Bride of Frankenstein written by John Whale in the next year, which was initially released in 1935. Universal Studio has started to contact potential directors to make this project happen. Thus, it has approached an outstanding Director who is well-known in the horror industry to remake this classic potentially. His name is Bill Condon who has recently remake the Beauty and the Beast for Disney, which has recently raised an immense sum of $ 1 billion at the box office. Furthermore, Mr. Condom has also directed critically acclaimed horror movies like twilight or a movie called Gods and Monsters released in 1998 that features reconstructions of wale’s movie, which will make him the perfect fit for this remake.
With an incredible average rating of 9.1, The Bride of Frankenstein is without a doubt a classic that reaches several generations and as grown in notoriety in the last century. It is even in the top 100 of the best movies of all time by the magazine Time. Thus, this remake could satisfy not only the old-school fans of horror movies but could lead to important commercial performances for Universal Studio with Mr. Condon at its side who could attract major stars to play roles with his prestigious notoriety. However, it is early talks, and both parties have many negotiations to do before they arrive at a final agreement. Even though these negotiations could take some time, we can still stay optimist that the realization of the remake should start at the end of the year with the two parties that claim to be excited to have a potential collaboration with each other.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein has been adapted to the cinema multiple times and will be getting a new adaptation soon. Of all the movie adaptations that have been done for the novel, it is the 1931 film that received the best critique, and that is considered as the best movie of the book and one of the most iconic horror movie. The film saw the incarnation of Frankenstein’s monster by Boris Karloff, the incarnation that is considered as the measuring stick for the monster’s image today.
The movie was well received by most of the movie analyst websites and even received a 100% rating from the Rotten Tomatoes. It has received multiple positive reviews from the critique and the fans, which led the movie to be regarded as one of the films of 1931 and one of the best of all time. It has even been placed in the Best 1000 Movies Ever list of The New York Times. It also received the honor of being selected by the United States National Film Registry as being “culturally, historically, and aesthetically significant.” The line “He is alive! He is alive!” is recognized has the 49th most famous line in American cinema history.
The movie was a big hit in 1931 and 1932. In June 1932, it earned an astonishing amount of $1.4 million, which was quite impressive at this time.
The movie also influenced the film The Spirit of the Beehive, a movie talking about the obsession that a little girl has for the 1931 Frankenstein movie, which demonstrates how this movie has been an influential horror trendsetter in this generation.
Picture credit: Universal Pictures
Victor Frankenstein was born in Naples but was raised in Geneva with his father Alphonse Frankenstein and his mother, Caroline Beaufort. Unfortunately, his mother died when he was only 17 years old of scarlet fever. He also had two young brothers called William and Ernest.
Moreover, Frankenstein also has a fiancée called Elizabeth Lavenza. He falls in love with her when she becomes his adoptive sister. She is eventually killed by the creature in her matrimonial bed the day of her wedding.
In his early days as a young man, Frankenstein is interested in alchemists and most precisely in particular works of Albertus Magnus and Cornelius Agrippa. Therefore, he seeks to find the fabled elixir of life. Through out times, his slowly change his interests to chemistry and become obsessed with inanimate matter through artificial means. He will pursuit this dream during two years, which will finally lead to the creation of the creature that we know and love. Frankenstein knows instantly that his creation is a killer. He constantly tries to hide it, and his feelings become increasingly ashamed and guilty of creating such a monster.
Throughout his life, the monster destroys most of his life by killing his loved ones, and he feels terrible because he knows that he cannot do anything to stop this slaughter, even though he tries to stop it most of his life. Victor Frankenstein slowly becomes everything that he hates about his creation by only living for revenge and hatred. He dedicates all the rest of his life to find and try to kill the beast.